ChicagoVeg is a non-profit organization in Chicago, whose goal is to promote veganism, vegetarians and raw veganism in Chicagoland. The organization has updated its restaurant application ( The primary goal of the update was to improve users’ mobile experience. Some changes made were:

– Fixed issue with map getting out of bounds on mobile and tablet
– Added warning message for users using IE 8 and lower (Google only supports IE 9 and above so the restaurant app is forced to too)
– Corrected issue in mobile where direction overflowed
– Added ability for users to post information about the site on social media
– Enlarged filtering options (e.g. Name | Distance in Restaurant list) to improve visibility and click-ability in mobile
– Fixed issue with mobile where address boxes was getting misaligned

This blog highlights basic git command for working with github code. It assumes you already know how to use it and just need a reminder on basic tasks. For newbies, try:

Setting up your local repository
Note: This blog uses restaurant listing application ( for demonstration. Change to suit your needs.

0: Download git:

1. Create a directory where you want the restaurant listing code at

2. Go to PowerShell or Command Prompt or some other command line application that supports git; and go to the directory from 1.

3. In the prompt, type in (to set up directory to be a local git repo):
git init

4. Get the code (you will find the URL in the github page, under “HTTPS clone URL”, on the right-hand-side):
git remote add origin

5. Get the code onto your local repo. Reminder, git is about each user having their local repo (for your own changes) and everyone sharing a group-repo (cumulative code one or more people shared)
git pull origin master

– If you get an issue where a path name is too long, run this command:

git config --system core.longpaths true

– If you get an error where there is no tracking information, run this:

git branch --set-upstream master origin/master

Tracking untracked files (Adding new files to your local repo)
To untracked files (files not already in github) to the commit package, use this:
git add .

Note: This add all untracked files. If you want to add specific files, adjust ths. See this for more more information:

Committing Changes to Local Repo

Here is a way of committing changes to your local repo:
git commit -am "This is some comment Fixed #4"

Note: (1)This will NOT check in the code to the main repository for others to use. It commits it to your local, which you can later check in for others to use. The push command does the check in and that will be discusses later. (2)This is unnecessary if you have no newly added files. (3)In “-am”, the ‘a’ stands adds all changes while the ‘m’ is for commenting. This is not appropriate if you do not want to add all recent changes to your local repository. Use a different option for commit as suites your needs. (4)The “#4” in the commit associated the check-in to an issue number. It can be left out the comment if you are not associating the commit to an issue. Although I advise to always associate check-ins to something.

To submit code from your local repo to the shared repo, use this command:
git push

Note: This pulls from your local repository and pushed it to github.

To Getting Latest
git pull

This is a reminder of how to get up and running with Bower.js. It is intended for people have used it before but just need a quick refresher.

Installing Bower
Step 1: Download node.js (you may likely have it installed already)

Step 2: Install it (globally preferred, locally if you must)
npm install bower -g

Step 3: Create bower.json file using bower itself:
bower init

Step 4 (Optional): Change where bower is stored from bower_component to anything you want. For example, to use js/lib:

1st: creat file called: “.bowerrc”
2nd: The file above should have content like:

"directory": "js/lib"

The only thing you change is “js/lib” if that is not where you want to store your packages

Maintaining packages
Updating a package and update the bower config file(e.g. lodash)
bower install lodash --save

Uninstall a package
bower uninstall lodash

To get specific version
bower install lodash#2.2.1

check for available versions
bower info lodash

update all packages
bower update

Here is a quick reminder on how to use LESS, one of the many CSS precompliers:

Variables: As they are in porgramming languages

@greenColor: #00FF00;
@font-family: Georgia

.makeItGreen {

background-color: @greenColor;
font-family: @font-family;

Mixin: For style sheet/rules reuse

@greenColor: #00FF00;
@font-family: Georgia

.makeItGreen {
background-color: @greenColor;
font-family: @font-family;
.greatGreenStyle {
.makeItGreen; // here is the reuse

Reusing rules from a different file

@import “element.less”


Note: This has to be in the same location as the less file in question


nav {
width: 200px;
height: 100px;
li {                                                      /* nested */
width: 100px;
background-color: green;
a {                                              /* second nested-level: nav li a */
color: lime;

Nesting with pseudo class

a {
font-family: Georgia;
&.hover {
color: green;

Note: & refers to the current rule

@height: 200px

div {
height: @height * 2;

Note: Similar principle applies to other arithmetic operations

The CSS3 pseudo class “empty” considers a space and new line to be a characters. Here is a jsfiddle illustration:

Quickly Getting up with Grunt.js (may not be very helpful for newbies)
This post will quickly show you how to get up and going with Grunt.js from a command prompt. It uses the JSHINT contrib as an example. The tutorial goes quickly, so it may not be the best way to learn if you are completely new to Grunt.js . A PluralSight video may be more helpful. For others, it can serve a reference just in case you forgot how to set it up and do not need a 101-tutorial.

It does NOT show you how to use it in Visual Studio. A post on that is forthcoming.

Why use Grunt.js?
Grunt.js is used to automate the running of task running; on node.js. Examples of task could be- Validate HTML, run JSHINT on JavaScript, compile LESS to CSS, compile TypeScript to JavaScript and many others task. It takes away the gruntwork of cutting and pasting a JavaScript file in, linting in it, and then cutting and pasting it back into your solution.

How do I Get Started
Step 1: Go to node.js and install node.js. Note, it may already be installed for you if you are using Linux

Step 2: Open up a command prompt

Step 3: Install Grunt CLI globally via this command:
npm install -g grunt-cli

Step 4: In the folder where you want to run grunt, create a file name package.json and have this configuration (customize it to your needs)

"name": "AnAwesomeProject",
"description": "Some Awesome Project",
"version": "0.1.0-alpha",
"license": "MIT",
"author": "Kermit the Frog",
"contributors": [
"name": "Kermit the Frog",
"email": ""
"name": "Michael Jackson",
"email": "ms@mjj5550.mjj"
"devDependencies": {

Step 5: Create a file called gruntfile.js and have this in it (customize to your liking):

'use strict';

module.exports = function(grunt) {
pkg: grun.file.readJSON(‘package.json’)


Step 6: install grunt itself locally with this command:
npm install grunt --save-dev

Step 7: At this point, you are ready to have task to run. Let’s start with a simple one. Run this command (note, -save-dev will update the package.json file for you):
npm install grunt-contrib-jshint --save-dev

Step 8: Update the gruntfile.js to be something like this:
'use strict';

module.exports = function(grunt) {
pkg: grunt.file.readJSON(‘package.json’),
jshint: {
options: {
files: [‘./Scripts/ *.js’]



grunt.registerTask(‘default’, [‘jshint’]);

Step 9: Open the command prompt and this:

Step 10: Observe the message in the commmand prompt

Additional options for the package.json file can be found here:
Additional node packages can be found at:

A tutorial can be found at: and PluralSight has a video on the topic.

I have neglected this blog for a long time and its due time it gets attention.


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